INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIEN 
Die Impuls-Leisungselektronik von RZ-IT

Pulse Engl. 




The pulse power electronics Institute for Innovative Technologies - RZ-IT

This new technology functions as a convergent evolution of physical processes, the energy conservation law remains unchanged. The seemingly impossible, the real increase in electrical output, has been tested in longterm operation as a costsaving application in households and industry. The special feature of the pulse power electronics enables applications for any power source such as batteries, photovoltaics, thermal generators, fuel cells for a clean environment.


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The electrical circuit and the attraction of the protons

Energy is not generated, only converted or released. The impulse technology is new, which allows the electrical power of any voltage source to be increased, apparently against Ohm's law. Only the excellent properties of the new development are described here, without circuit diagrams and functional descriptions. Created since 1994, real electrical power amplification for future electrical engineering is a quantum leap with unimagined future developments. Impulse technology is a time ahead of analog electronics as a complement. A current circuit is the connection between a voltage source and a current consumer. Understanding the processes in a circuit begins with knowing the structure of the atom. The attraction of the protons in an atomic nucleus with a positive charge potential is electrically inactive due to the negative charge of the electrons and thus neutralized. Due to the action of electromagnetic fields, the two outer unstable valence electrons of the copper atoms are released by dynamic generators, which are bound with protons of the atomic nuclei, and then flow by the attraction of the same protons on the detour through a consumer as converted secondary energy and flow back again because the circuit consists of electrically conductive materials and thus results in the shortest route.

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The attraction of the protons of the generator copper atom is the only force acting in the electrical circuit, as proton watt [PW]
The secondary energy is always less than the primary energy. Copper and other electrically conductive materials as a coil in a generator or germanium in a photocell, is the kinetic energy of the protons as positive charge carriers of the atomic nuclei of the materials from which a generator is built. Protons are solid constituents in the atomic nucleus and, unlike free electrons, cannot migrate within matter. By leaving these electrons, the divalent copper atom receives two positive charges as a Coulomb attractio.
The electrons of the copper atoms of a generator as negative charge carriers will flow back in the current cycle to equalize the potential of the attraction of the protons as positive charge carriers. The electrons of the atomic shell are released by various external energy effects; this energy must be greater than that of the attraction of the protons. Voltage is possible without current, no current without voltage. The special feature of the power optimization / amplification enables the application as a microchip up to megawatts for any power source.
                       
Due to external influences, electrons can be released from the electron shell, with magnetic fields on the outer electrons of atoms Chemical processes in batteries, through the action of solar radiation on photovoltaic cells. The thus released positive forces of attraction had a strong influence on all free electrons in the entire circuit. The correct name for a power plant should be proton power plant. This eternal force of attraction only appears in the vicinity of the atom when a neutralizing electron has been removed from the outermost electron shell. The specified power of a consumer is a force generated by the real attraction of the protons of the copper atoms of an electricity generator. The attraction of the protons is an eternal source of energy with a positive charge potential due to the negative charge of the electrons and is kept inactive neutral. The sum of all released protons is directly proportional to the secondary generator power specified in watts. If the voltage of a generator is doubled, the output also increases. The real electronic power optimizer in digital technology presented here is unique in the electronics field and simulates an additional power source, is economically efficient, environmentally friendly and enables almost a loss Free direct current transmission over long distances and is designed for multi application functions.
                        
Created since 1994, the real increase in electrical power is a quantum leap in general for future electrical engineering. The typical property of a power optimizer is voltage doubling. The current consumption of a consumer works from zero to the maximum current value with twice the voltage value obtained, thus a power gain with a high degree of efficiency. This new technology functions as a convergent evolution of conventional physical processes, the law of conservation of energy remains unchanged. The seemingly impossible, the real increase in electrical power, has been tested in long-term operation as a cost-saving power source. The special feature of the pulse power electronics enables applications for any power source such as batteries, photovoltaics, thermal generators, fuel cells. The digitization with pulse power electronics. Impulse technology is revolutionizing tomorrow's energy. The efficiency of the digitized energy (electrical) as proton watt, due to the attraction of the protons as primary energy, is always over> 100%, resulting in a gain in performance. A current [A] only flows if a consumer, ohmic or inductive, is connected to the increased voltage. The output voltage [V] of a LO is always higher than the input voltage, the output power always remains above the input power, in contrast to the warm-up converter.    
                              
The digitized energy mentioned here is a new type of power optimization in conventional power electronics and was designed in accordance with Ohm's law of the law of conservation of energy. You can determine the desired power gain from a power source yourself up to megawatts by selecting the power source, components and internal load resistance; the standard is the power factor 1.8 and, as a cascade, correspondingly multiplicative.
U I → LO → 2U I [1V · 1A → LO → 2V · 1A].
The real digitized performance optimization. Created since 1949, the real increase in electrical output is a quantum leap for future electrical engineering. Ohm's law and the law of conservation of energy are adhered to. The basic circuit of a power multiplier (LO) doubles the voltage of each voltage source, a connected consumer can draw the maximum available current value, the LO device does not consume any current even without a load. The more efficient use of the electrical power of photovoltaic systems or electric mobility is made possible for the first time

The physically seemingly impossible, the real electrical power amplification, has been checked and confirmed several times by specialist staff. The law of conservation of energy is not affected by the knowledge of the power gain. A gain in power is only created by increasing the voltage at the output of the power amplifier with the input current value remaining the same. The amplification process acts as an active integral function and simulates a second element with subsequent voltage addition, the result is the power amplification. This new technology functions as a convergent evolution of conventional physical processes. The application as a microchip up to the megawatt range and suitable for any power source such as batteries, photovoltaics, wind power plants, fuel cells is of particular benefit for the general public. The tried and tested cascade connection is new. The electrical voltage can be increased as required; a dual system with two power sources is recommended in electromobility. The voltage (V) of a battery or a photovoltaic module is quadrupled with the LMC6, without cascading, and the desired power (W) is set at the consumer from zero to the maximum available current value of the voltage source. The seemingly impossible to increase the electrical output has been tested in long-term operation as a cost-saving power source and has been proven in practice.  
Example: Mains voltage 230 V at load resistor 600 Ohm: 230 W output power at LO 625 W. Voltage without current is possible, no current without voltage.

The development of power optimization and pulse technology.

The typical property of a multiplier is the doubling of the voltage of every voltage source that is applied to the input of a LO device without drawing any current. The current consumption of a connected consumer after activation of the control electronics can be set from zero to the maximum on the consumer current value.
An example: LO test device connected loss to mains voltage 230 V / AC: Input voltage: 230 V / AC, zero amps equals zero watts, Output voltage without load resistance: at the output 650 V / DC, voltage doubling when idling. With an integrated inverter (patent), a LO can be used universally, such as photovoltaics, electric cars. With as yet undreamt-of future developments, this technology is ahead of its time due to the lead in experience of the data center IT and the beginning of a new energy supply. This new technology functions as an evolution, the law of conservation of energy remains unchanged.                                                                                   
The apparently impossible, the real increase in electrical power, was tested in long-term operation as a costsaving practical.

The SWITECK performance timer.

Also new are power optimizers (LO) with SWITECK system, almost loss-free, and ACRZ8 only for alternating voltage such as 230 V / AC mains voltage, and are also world firsts of unconventional design. A power multiplier without semiconductors, insignificantly low internal resistance, also with an integrated 3-phase inverter, no heat generation, with high performance gain in modular design for batteries, photovoltaics, fuel cells, compact and robust for applications up to megawatts. All LO types are also suitable for retrofitting as a mobile charging station in all makes of electric vehicles. The LO technology is a current pulse method that draws current from a power source only periodically as a current pulse (ms), so a battery is only periodically loaded with pulses, in pause times (ms) no current flows, the power capacity Ah is doubled and causes a higher Battery life, also confirmed by battery manufacturer. With the use of the Syncroteck system, the pulse pause times are filled with current pulses for charging the current source used during operation. Particularly recommended for e-mobility, photovoltaics and thermovoltaics for increased performance. Ohm's law and the law of conservation of energy are observed.                                           

The performance increase.

Each voltage source supplies a pulse power at the LO input: P = + p / I * 2U (+ p / integral, msec interval).
On the left in the picture, the demonstration room and fuel cell generator, on the right, the light source as a consumer. On the left the demonstration room, on the right 230 V lamp as consumer.
Demonstrations in South Korea have shown that a fuel cell generator with an integrated power optimizer consumes approx. 60% less hydrogen. Connected fuel cell with an average value of 350 W, output power at the LO3 230 V> 2.2 kilowatts.  

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Demonstration in South Korea
with fuel cell generator
                           
On the table a LO3 device and in the background a light source as a 230 V consumer, on the right on the wall a hydrogen gas meter. A power optimizer test device made in Korea, connected to the power test with a lamp. A connected consumer can take the maximum available current value from the current source, the LO device does not consume any current itself. The power amplification is a revolutionary world first in the field of renewable energies in general, in particular electrical engineering / electronics. The more efficient use of the electrical power from photovoltaic systems or electromobility is made possible for the first time. The physically seemingly impossible, the real electrical power amplification, has been checked and confirmed several times by specialist staff. The law of conservation of energy is not affected by the knowledge of the power gain. A gain in power is created by increasing the voltage at the output of the power amplifier while the current value remains the same. The amplification process acts as an active integral function and simulates a second element with subsequent voltage addition, the result is the power amplification. This new technology functions as a convergent evolution of conventional physical processes and is suitable for use as a microchip up to the megawatt range and for any power source such as batteries, photovoltaics
fuel cells is of particular benefit to the general public. The tried and tested cascade connection is new. The electrical voltage can be increased as required. A dual system with two batteries, a power amplifier with energy recovery through the use of regenerative brakes and photovoltaics is recommended for electromobility. Cascade amplifiers are particularly suitable as battery chargers. An LMADC-10 device integrated with ten sets of LO modules means ten times the voltage increase compared to the voltage applied to the input. A very simple inexpensive new development for direct and alternating voltage with current from zero to maximum of the voltage source, thereby increasing power.
The voltage (V) of a battery or a photovoltaic module is quadrupled, without cascading, and the desired power (W) is set at the consumer from zero to the maximum available current value of the voltage source.

Example: Load resistance 230 Ohm Input voltage 230 V / AC 1 A = 230 W, without LMT-65. With LMT65 device: Input voltage 230 V / AC with 600 ohms as load resistance, output power 625 V / DC and 1A = 625 W.              
Practical applications such as radiators with low electricity costs.

Mains voltage input: 230 V / AC, output voltage at the output of a power optimizer: 650 V / DC (U2). With the increase in voltage, two radiators are connected in series, the power consumption remains unchanged, as with one heater.
Analysis of a 230 V / AC heater    with temperature controller. The pulse technology sets new standards with high efficiency even with 3-phase high-current inverters (HSWR) and enables almost any high level of direct current to be converted into alternating voltage and enables the use of the power in seafaring, aviation, for agricultural machinery or in industry.                                        
         
The innovative technologies, originally designed for increasing the voltage of thermal generators, can be proven in practice and in theory. Impulse technology is revolutionizing tomorrow's energy. The efficiency of the digitized energy (electrical) as proton watts is always over 100%, thereby increasing performance. The unconventional pulse technology doubles the voltage [V] of each power source. The digitized energy is new for power optimization in conventional power electronics and designed in accordance with Ohm's law and the law of conservation of energy.
M PQ 12  1000 V, 1000 A power optimizers You can determine the desired power gain from a power source yourself up to megawatts, with the selection of the power source, components and consumer resistance, the standard is power factor 1.8% and, as a cascade, correspondingly more.                                   
M PQ 12 test device for input voltage up to 1000 volts, output voltage 2000 volts. With ohmic consumers, it can be loaded with 600 amperes for a short time, max. 1 megawatt usable power. Components: Two thyristors 1000 amps 1000 volts, 600 amperes diode in addition, not in the picture 2 pieces of electrolyte 450 V 680 µF capacitors. In the field of renewable energy, pulse power electronics open up a new dimension of decentralized energy supply for every user by optimizing all generators such as Fuel cells, batteries, photovoltaics with the use of an LM such as LMPQ12 mounted between power source and consumer. Increasing the power of any power source with passive components seems unrealizable and a violation of physical rules, but an increase in power has already been achieved in the test laboratory, comparable to batteries connected in series with the difference that production with conventional electronic components is a battery simulator as a replacement with adequate power as the power source is implemented and practically universally applicable.

Example: Battery 24 V to consumer 1.49 amps = 36.21 watts. The power of the same consumer at the output of a connected LO device: 41.3 volts 2.53 amps, equal to 104.49 watts The power gained: 68.28 watts and an efficiency of 288%.
 
                                     
Real direct current amplification through pulse technology is way ahead of its time with unforeseen future developments that began in 1990 and sets dominant stimuli and new standards with high efficiency for decentralized power supply in general, especially for mobility and photovoltaics.
Cell phones with mini-LM and photovoltaic module on the back side.
Mini power optimizer: 1.5 volt battery on Mini-LO with 12 LEDs in parallel:Output power: 98 mA 3.1 volts. Only possible with impulse technologies.                                               
                
Bridge rectifiers as power optimizers (LO).

ACRZ900, 1000 V 600 A ACRZ900 for industry, also 380 V 3-phase. ACRZ8 a novelty in electrical engineering. With application ation for the household. Equipment: Only 6 diodes, Ampere 1000 V, no transistors or thyristors, in the picture without capacitots.
Example without power optimizer: on two halogen lamps 230 V / AC in series as consumers = 140 W. With ACRZ8: Input voltage: 230 V / AC mains voltage Output voltage with consumer: 620 V / DC * 1.23 A = 762 W. Efficiency 544%. 230 V / AC effective voltage * 1.414 = 325 V / DC peak voltage * 2 = 650 V / DC open circuit voltage. A consumer can draw the maximum available current from a voltage source, thus increasing the power by 180%, cascadable.  Test result with pulsar type 102: A 137.6 V = 67.42 W, output power load resistance 134 Ohm, halogen light bulbs. Power without Pulsar: 0.47 A 324 V = 152.28 W Output power with Pulsar 102: 0.68 A 635 V = 431.8 W, efficiency 284%, power gain 279.52 W. Power multiplier PULSAR 5-400, recommended for large-scale photovoltaic systems. Input power up to 400 kilowatts, output power 1.2 megawatts.
    
Conventional electrical engineering / electronics in photovoltaics and electromobility is analogous. This means that there is an uninterrupted flow of electricity from a power source such as batteries or photovoltaic modules to the consumer. A new method with the power optimizer (LO) is that the current flow is digitized periodically in milliseconds as square-wave pulses and so only half of the current value is drawn from a current source to the consumer, in contrast to the analog method. In order to still obtain the same output, the voltage of the power source at the LO output is automatically doubled. An LM is a DC voltage doubler with a digitized input current and a maximum current value. With an open output, i.e. without a consumer, the current value is equal to zero, current is only generated with one consumer. LM input values are only measured with an oscilloscope. The advantage of battery operation, also according to the battery manufacturer, is that the battery capacity, given in Ah, doubles in pulse operation, e.g. from 44 Ah to 88 Ah, so the battery lasts twice as long until it is recharged got to. 44 Ah Ampere means that if 44 Amps (A) are withdrawn, the battery is empty in one hour (h), or loaded with only one ampere for 44 hours until it is empty.                                         
With a B-Synchrotec charger, a battery can also be charged while it is in operation, thus increasing battery performance even further. Likewise, the PV current from a photovoltaic module is withdrawn digitized as square-wave pulses, the digitized voltage is applied to the LM input and doubled as DC voltage at the output of the device and fed to the consumer. Due to the doubled DC voltage value and unchanged PV maximum current value, double the power is achieved with LM with only 50% of the PV power. In addition, a PV Synchrotec device that is used in the synchronized digital current zero pause mode, e.g. 10 millisecond pause, and can thus use the remaining 50% of the PV module. This means that a PV module is used 100%, which means with LM four times the PV power.
Example PV module. 36 volts, 8 amps, total output 288 watts, without LO. With power multiplier (LO) and PV-Syncro-tec. 2 * 36V = 72 V * 8 A digital = 576 watts 50% power 2 * 36V = 72 V * 8 A digital = 576 watts 50% power with PV-Syncrotec PV module total power (100%) 1152 watts From 288 watt PV module with LM and Syncrotec 1152 watt.
                                           
Thermovoltaic – Add-Thermogenerator Thermovoltaics is the field of physics that deals with the conversion of thermal energy into electrical energy.

A thermogeneator consists of several thermocouples arranged in series. The thermal voltage, in millivolts, only adds up completely if the individual thermocouples are separated by a diode. Thermal voltage is measured correctly when a measuring instrument input is bridged with 1 ohm. When two different metals or alloys are contacted and heated together, an electrical voltage is created. The novel ADD thermoelectric generator is designed with an integrated high-current inverter, patent DE 43 13 827 A1, and consists of several thermal cells contacted in a row.                                           
A thermal cell consists of three thin-film layers of different materials (RZ5130), two layers form a flat thermocouple, the third a flat rectifier. If heat is supplied to a thermopile, the addition of the individual cell voltages (ADD) creates a negative irreversible charge as an excess of electrons. The total voltage of a thermopile is the sum of all individual thermocells, comparable to batteries connected in series. A connected consumer in the circuit is generally cooler, so the Seebeck effect (also thermoelectric effect) is fulfilled and the output power results from the current value obtained based on the cell area size (A / mm²) and the supplied temperature. Commercially available thermocouples, e.g. Type E, generate 0.076 volts and approx. 0.3 amps / mm² at 1000 ° C.

The only effective force in a thermo-electrical closed system generator / consumer is the proportion of atoms that release electrons through the supply of heat and thus have a positive charge. The resulting holes in the outer electron shells of the atoms have an attractive force due to the kinetic energy of the protons in the atomic nucleus, which tends to neutralize and maintains the flow of electrons with potential energy. The maximum possible efficiency only comes about when the proportion of positive charges is equal to or higher than that of the negative charge carriers of the released electrons, as in any electrical circuit. 
In the flat contact zone between the different melted-in thermoelectric materials of a thermal cell, a different charge carrier density arises, the values of which are material constants and, in the overall system, proportional to the heat energy supplied. The temperature and A / mm² is a measure of the effectiveness of a thermoelectric system. The amount of heat stored in a thermally closed generator housing is very economical in relation to fuel consumption; only the amount of heat that a housing, which is thermally well insulated to the outside, emits to the environment must be tracked. In the event of a short circuit, the current flow reaches the highest possible value at the given temperature and is a measure of the quality of the thermal cell types. The additive method results in an efficiency of 48% according to the Carnot process. A thermal cell variant is applied with one of the latest RZ2843 alloys, which has rectifier properties with parameters in the millivolt range, resulting in a thermal cell with only two layers, making the production of thermopile blocks even more cost-effective. A BIPLAN generator is a single thermocouple made from a coated aluminum sheet of any size and requires no rectifier, no additive series connection and is only in operation with an HSWR and transformer                                           
Newly developed carbon nanotubes CNT materials act as flat rectifiers and thus achieve electrical conductivity with physical properties that are virtually predestined for use in thermovoltaics and give hope for far higher generator outputs in the future. Due to the compact design of ADD thermal generators, the applications are diverse, from pacemakers to megawatt power plants as well as power supply in aerospace, ocean-going vessels or with liquid hydrogen as an underwater vehicle. The heat energy supply is possible with all types of fuel. Through combined heat and power in industry, Biogas, solar radiation with thermal and photovoltaic solar cell coupling or with hydrogen obtained from solar energy or geothermal geovoltaic probes with special DC / AC inverters supply alternating voltages directly from the depths of the earth and large-scale ADD thermo-generators with integrated high-current power inverters can achieve a nominal output of well over 200 megawatts. The devices are wear-free and have no moving parts, so no parts to be replaced. Constant current values are always achieved through special technology, methods and material selection. The industrial production and the later international sales are set up, several processes and product verifications are suitable for mass production. This is done using existing techniques.                                          
supplemented with development work to optimize these innovations. The thermocouple power is directly proportional to the supplied temperature for mono-elements and to the temperature difference between warm and cold with bimetal thermocouple.
The magnetic field strength of a mono-thermocouple from a copper rod, it warms the end of the rod with a candle flame and cools it in a water glass and creates a magnetic field strength of 100 amps to lift 5 kilograms. The most effective product is the generated magnetic field strength.
                                            
The bimetal thermocouple.

During the melting process of both thermoelectric alloys, an ionization process surface section is created in the specified contact surface size as an electrically active, indefinable ionized molecular structure with a relatively low overall conversion. With a certain composition of the alloys and temperature differences, the resulting thermal voltage shows a voltage and current value; the shortcircuit current conductance is thus directly proportional to the active contact area size in mm² / A. When shell electrons are given off in the process space, the atom becomes electrically positive, a cation is created, when the electron of an atom of the second alloy is accepted, the atom becomes electrically negative, it becomes an anion. The position of the atomic nuclei remains unchanged at lower temperatures. If heat is supplied to the contact surface, released electrons migrate in the two colder connection lines as thermal voltage, the voltage difference, equal to the amount of electrons between the lines, is the thermal voltage value of the element. If the polarity of the ionized anions and cations of the alloys were to crystallize in an orderly manner in the melting process, a hundred ampere bimetal thermocouple would be conceivable and achieve the desired performance with a voltage multiplier.

The development of innovative products such as add thermal generators with high-current inverters and concepts for more efficient power plants is the most climate-friendly form of energy of the future for the environment. Electricity through heat and geothermal energy is inexhaustible. Thermal generators, which economically convert the thermal heat from any source and from any source anywhere, into electricity, require intensive research and development work. The patent thermal current generator DE 43 13 827 A1 was granted in 1994. For the production of 230 volts alternating current, only heat such as exhaust, furnace, thermovoltaics or waste heat is required. All conductive thermoelectric materials are also suitable for thermocouples, elementary or as a molecule, emit electrons when they are warm. (> 272 ° C) released electrons. The amount of electrons is different at a constant temperature. The measured thermoelectric voltage (mV) of a thermocouple is the difference between more and less emitting different materials. The electron current flowing in the electrical circuit is extremely significant due to the physically contacted surface area of the random structural molecular connection. At 350 ° C a short-circuit current of 19.5 amps = 0.4 A / mm². With a contact area of 2500 mm 1000 amps and a thermal voltage of 0.05 volts at 350 ° C and a consumer connection, this results in a power of 1000 * 0.05 = 50 watts.
The typical property of thermocouples is the very high current flow with very low thermal voltage. With such a high current, even with a very low load resistance, a voltage drop is hardly noticeable.
                                                                                                                                                               
A metal stick is heated at one end, so the electrons flow to the cold end and form an electron cloud with a measurable voltage difference in millivolts. Likewise our earth. The hot core of the earth with thousands of degrees ° C, encased by the earth's crust with> -50 ° C and thus results in a mono-thermocouple with earth magnetism. All electrons of the heated atoms of the earth's matter migrate to the colder earth's surface. The atmosphere is saturated with electrons and thus makes life possible, without lava there is no life.
                     
The unused energy from photovoltaic systems.

A photovoltaic module can deliver 50% -60% more power with pulse technologies, digitized energy makes it possible, a power optimizer like PULSAR 5400 is optimized for large-scale photovoltaic systems. An input power of up to 600 kilowatts and an output power of up to megawatts is an unbelievable technical development that you still have to get used to. A LO takes a millisecond current pulse from a PV module and then a millisecond is pause time and results in twice the voltage at the LO output with the maximum current value of the module, which means an additional increase in power.                                                                                   
A power optimizer device unit is placed between the photovoltaic modules and the inverter installed. A gain in performance results from the voltage increase at the output of the power optimizer. The output current value is proportional to the internal resistance of the consumer. Large photovoltaic systems generate 50% -80% performance gain with the performance optimizer!
Test with a solar module: 35 volts 8 amps = 289 watts With power optimizer: 70 V, 8 A = 560 watts. Power gained: 271 watts Efficiency193%. Or: Without load resistance, i.e. open circuit voltage 149.6V. Without LO: with load resistance 32.84 volts. 0.39 amps = 12.81 watts. With LO and the same load resistance: 70.2 volts, 2.1 amps = 147.42 watts. Power gain 134.61 watts.
                                   
The middle sketch shows the regulation of the output power with a potentiometer and with a Syinchrotec 2 addition. By synchronizing with control signals, picture below, the unused pause is used as a current pulse and simulates a parallel module with the same voltage and double the current value. With the use of a SYCROTECK system, the rest of the PV power is extracted with an additional LO device during the break times for the LO control pulses. A PV module actually delivers four times the power.
                                            
With the impulse method, the voltage is doubled and
with the maximum current value, the power at 5.5 ohms is increased to 115 watts. With the use of a SYNCHROTEC 2 additional device, the pulse pause times (ms) for a second LO system and thus 230 watts are available synchronously. Only with pulse technologies can a photovoltaic system deliver four times the output and is trend-setting in the electrical field. When assessing the electrical power amplification described here, it should be borne in mind that it is apparently in contradiction to the law of conservation of energy, but can nevertheless be demonstrated.                                          
Performance optimization for large-scale photovoltaic systems is particularly recommended for space travel. LM RZPV-X device for the photovoltaic module 40 volts open circuit voltage 3.35 short circuit current With load resistance 5.5 ohms Output power: 42.3 volts 2.72 amps = 115 watts The energy from photovoltaic systems is actually not used with conventional ones.
                                          
The digitized electric car.

13.96.21

Carefree long distances of over 1000 km with battery charging electronics integrated during driving. When you arrive at your destination, a charged battery is available thanks to the innovative impulse technology. As with energy consumption, the observation limits must be observed and the primary energy factors must be included. These can fluctuate depending on the year under review, investigation procedure, electricity provider, country and other factors and change in some cases very dynamically due to changes in the electricity market. Different standards and institutions use different factors and use different calculation methods. The restructuring of the infrastructure also results in CO2 emissions, but the use of electric cars can reduce the greenhouse effect. In the case of electric cars, CO2 emissions do not arise in the car itself, but rather during the generation of electricity and the manufacture of the vehicle and especially the battery. The environmental balance of automobiles is often only related to the direct energy or fuel consumption and emissions of pollutants or gases that are harmful to the climate. More comprehensive comparisons rely on a life cycle analysis. Part of this balance sheet includes also the manufacturing and disposal costs for the vehicle, the provision of the drive energy and noise emissions. 1000 km driving distance with installation kit for electric vehicles. A DC-RZIT240 kit is connected between the battery on the drive motor.                                         
The device is switched off in normal operation. If DCRZIT240 is activated, also possible while driving, the power consumption is greatly reduced with the same driving performance. In order to increase the range even further, the new digital power electronics from RZ-IT are available. When considering the entire production cycle, electric cars including batteries perform better in terms of both energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions than vehicles with internal combustion engines only if only green electricity is used to operate the electric vehicle and the batteries are manufactured in a technologically less advanced factory the greenhouse gas balance of electric cars is higher than that of cars with internal combustion engines. The production of an electric car is more energyintensive than that of a car with a combustion engine. Overall ent According to a study from 2010, around 15% of the total environmental impact of electric cars is due to the manufacture of the accumulators. DC-RZCAR120 is a power multiplier for electromobility, battery voltage up to 200 volts max. 600 amps, electric drive 400 volts, and options RZCAR1, RZCAR2 and RZCAR3. Carefree long distances of over 1000 km with battery charging electronics integrated during driving. When you arrive at your destination, a charged battery is available thanks to the innovative impulse technology.                                  
                                              
Fuel cell electric car with integrated charging station.

The new development quadruples the mean operating voltage of a fuel cell. A consumer can take the maximum current value from the fuel cell. 2000 km driving distance with installation kit for electric vehicles. A DC-RZIT240 kit is connected between the battery on the drive motor. The device is switched off in normal operation. If DC-RZIT240 is activated, also possible while driving, the power consumption is greatly reduced with the same driving performance.                                              
The answer to long journeys in a RZCAR e-car with integrated automatic leather equipment remains unknown. In the RZCAR dual system, the battery is periodically charged using the pulse method and practically the full charge capacity of both batteries is maintained after weighing the charging and discharging current values. Additional generators such as recuperation, photovoltaics and a head wind generator are recommended. DC-RZCAR120 is a performance multiplier for electromobility.                                             
High-performance inverter RZWR601, input max. 1000 V / DC, output V / AC 1414 V 600 A, 3-phase possible, frequency variable. Patent DE 43 13 872 A1. A variant of an unconventional design for over 10,000 amps is still being planned. Input voltage 1000 V / DC, output voltage 2000V / AC, frequency variable,> 600 A loadable, also possible with 3-phases. In the RZCAR dual system, the battery is charged periodically in the pulse process and practically the full charge capacity of both batteries is obtained after weighing the charging and discharging current values. Additional generators such as recuperation, photovoltaics and airstream generators are recommended. Fuel cell electric car with integrated charging station. The new development quadruples the mean operating voltage of a fuel cell. A consumer can take the maximum current value from the fuel cell. 1000 km driving distance with installation kit for electric vehicles. A DC-RZIT240 kit is connected between the battery on the drive motor. The device is switched off in normal operation. If DC-RZIT240 is activated, also possible while driving, the power consumption is greatly reduced with the same driving performance. LO tester compact and powerful, 25x13x13 cm for electric motors up to 180 kW. As a super-class vehicle: range> 2500 km, 140 kWh / 100 km. Recommended as a transporter and 1000 km route with installation kit for electric vehicles. 
A DC-RZIT240 kit is connected between the battery on the drive motor. The device is switched off in normal operation. If DC-RZIT240 is activated, even while driving, the power consumption is reduced for the same driving performance. In the RZCAR dual system, the battery is charged periodically using the pulse method and practically the full charge capacity of both batteries is obtained after weighing the charging and discharging current values. Additional generators such as recuperation, photovoltaics and airstream generators are recommended. The innovative technologies presented here, originally designed for increasing the voltage of thermal generators and photovoltaics, can be demonstrated in practice and in theory. Impulse technology is revolutionizing the energy of tomorrow. The efficiency of the digitized energy (electrical) as proton watts is always over 100%, thereby increasing performance. A current [A] only flows from zero to maximum if a consumer, ohmic or inductive, is connected to the increased voltage. The electrical power of the consumer: VA is equal to the attraction of the protons as the primary energy proton watt [PW], equal to consumer power [W]. The output voltage [V] is always higher than the input voltage. The output power always remains above the input power, in contrast to the boost converter. The digital energy mentioned here is new to power electronics in comparison to conventional power electronics and is designed in accordance with Ohm's law and the law of conservation of energy.
                                         
You can determine the desired power gain from a power source yourself up to megawatts, with the selection of the power source, components and internal resistance, the standard is power factor 1.8% and as a cascade accordingly more. This technology has the effect of practically increasing the power capacity with any current source and with the current draw in pulse form, contrary to the rules of physics. A 230 Ohm load resistance at 230 VAC results in 230 watts with 1 ampere. If 230 VAC is connected to the input of a LO device, then 625 watts is measured with an efficiency of 272% at the LO output. Conventional inefficient electric vehicles can be retrofitted with LO kits. The vehicle batteries are halved and electrically isolated, then the offered RZCAR module is integrated. The separated batteries are alternately charged separately as a drive and automatically when driving. An unconventional design is a SWITECK-LO with high efficiency without semiconductor components, no transistors or thyristors, even with a 3-phase kit, hardly any heat generation, robust and compact. A power optimizer (LO) is a PDC-DC converter. PDC-DC = pulsed current consumption from the current source for the input power of the LO. The decisive advantage of the fuel cell is the range that equals that of vehicles with combustion engines. In addition, hydrogen can be refueled just as quickly and easily as gasoline or diesel. 
The charging process for batteries, on the other hand, interrupts a journey for more than an hour, even at fast charging stations. When it comes to efficiency, e-cars with batteries and fuel cells are roughly on par if you consider the entire process, from hydrogen or electricity generation to its use to propel the vehicle. Diesel and especially gasoline vehicles perform around 15% worse. A study on the subject of electromobility published by the VDI in May 2019, on the other hand, found that battery cars use the primary energy they use at least around a factor of two more efficiently than fuel cell vehicles. The supply of raw materials for battery production could stall. Lithium and cobalt are not freely available. A breakthrough in replacing lithium with sodium, for example, would be helpful. The availability of this is almost unlimited and the energy density is considerably higher compared to the lithium-ion battery. In fuel cells, platinum is the critical raw material as a catalyst. However, the risk that at some point not enough will be available is low. Only a few grams are required per device. In addition, platinum can be recovered through recycling. A fuel cell car is a car that is powered by an electric motor that draws the necessary electrical energy from a fuel cell. In a hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell, the electrical current is generated by means of the chemical reaction between the two elements. The hydrogen is stored under a very high pressure of around 700 bar in the pressure tanks built into the vehicle.                                                                                                                                  
In addition, fuel cell cars have a battery that can temporarily take the electricity for the electric drive from the fuel cell. In addition, the use of the braking energy through recuperation is possible with the help of the accumulator. A fuel cell vehicle does not emit any pollutants locally. The only emissions produced during the chemical reaction in a fuel cell are water vapor or water. Rather, the process used to produce hydrogen is responsible for the environmental balance of a fuel cell electric car. On the one hand, the chemical element is produced from water with the help of electrolysis. For this purpose, the electrical power can come from sustainable renewable or finite fossil fuels. On the other hand, the production of hydrogen is possible through the reformation of natural gas. Biomass can also be used as a raw material for hydrogen production through fermentation or gasification. Several automobile companies have been researching automobiles, some of which are powered by hydrogen, for 20 years and which use fuel cells to convert energy and an electric motor to drive them. Currently, some fuel cell buses use fuel cells that are not originally intended for generating electrical drive energy. The concept si here, in the hydrogen vehicle powered by an internal combustion engine, the gas that is constantly evaporating from the hydrogen tank is used in a fuel cell to power the vehicle, instead of letting the hydrogen escape into the open, which cars should drive without emissions in the future.
                                            
It was envisaged that 10% of all newly registered vehicles should be subject to this law. Shortly before that, however, after massive auto industry, that was overturned if it continues to be discussed. The increased use of emission-free vehicles in metropolitan areas and large cities is expected to improve the air quality there. A side effect, however, would be that emissions would be shifted from the place where the vehicle is used to where the hydrogen is produced, unless this is due to regenerative processes. The hydrogen is produced by means of electrolysis, for which a lot of electricity has to be used, the generation of which consumes more energy than can ultimately be extracted from the hydrogen. For the widespread use of mobile hydrogen applications, the simultaneous construction of hydrogen filling stations is necessary. The most sensible way to do this is to convert the energy industry to a hydrogen economy. In addition to pressure vessels, other forms of hydrogen storage can also be used to transport hydrogen in vehicles, for example in metal hydrides or under high pressure and low temperature as liquid hydrogen. Despite the high efficiency of the fuel cell, the dissipation of waste heat at the comparatively low temperature level of the fuel cell of around 80 ° C is problematic, because in contrast to the combustion engine, the relatively cold exhaust gas (water vapor) only contains a comparatively small amount of heat. The typical property of an electronic power optimizer (LO) is the voltage doubling of each voltage source.                                          
The following control pulses act as an active integral function and simulate a stored voltage addition with the maximum available current value. The result is always an effective increase in performance of more than 100% for general applications. Thermovoltaics, photovoltaics and pulse power electronics, including power optimizers, have properties with unimagined further developments and have been an unconventional technology with applications for a clean environment since 1949.  

Miscellaneous.

1. A power optimizer (LO), also power multiplier (LM) or power amplifier (LV) is a voltage doubler. Conventional consumers are connected in series.

2. An electric car (RZCAR) with digitized pulse power electronics and an integrated battery charging system is designed for long distances over 1000 km.

3. A battery with 200 Ah provides 400 Ah in impulse operation.

4. A piston engine consumes 100 liters of fuel to travel from A to B, of which 70% liters are converted into heat and 30% into kinetic energy. 

5. The plus voltage measured with a measuring instrument are free electrons with negative charge potential.

6. Electrons as negative charge carriers only flow when they are attracted by released protons of an atomic nucleus or for potential equalization. 
          
7. Due to the attraction of the protons in the atomic nucleus as primary energy (proton watt), all electrical energy is atomic energy.

8. Without the glowing earth core, life on earth is not possible, see thermovoltaics.

9. A successful investor counts on income and expenses, not electricity and voltage.

10.Wellearned does not always mean everything is understood.

11. Money means life, no money means the opposite.

12. E = mc³ 8 - The binding energy released by the splitting of matter results in an ionized, spherically expanding nuclear fusion at the speed of light. Rudolf Zölde.

13. ‚ÄčEach atom has an electrically neutral gravitational potential, defined here as relative implo-G, also IG as a gravitational unit and the hydrogen atom with atomic number as a gravitational constant IG assumed. Gravitational field value is on average IG = 1/absolute atomic mass of all elements of a closed real mass.
Mass defect studies, based on the new proposed physical unit IG, are recommended.

Rudolf Zölde

 
Rudolf Zölde, inventor and developer
29740 Torre del Mar (Malaga) Spain
www.rz-innovatec.com

Booklet/non-fiction 20,15 Euro:
The pulse power electronics
ISBN:978-3-7103-4992-8 - united-pc
Properties Short description.
 
The source of all images and drawings (IMSI) is self-representation.
Impulse technology is a contribution to a clean climate.
As proof of the increase in performance, there are demonstrations here on site for those interested,
Recommended after registering by phone.
Digital power optimizer circuit diagram, including functional description,
are available as a recommended addition to the well-known analogy.
All rights reserved.
 
As proof of the increase in performance, there are demonstrations here on site for those interested.